Hypoglycemia in Diabetes – Symptoms, Causes, Risks, Treatment & Prevention

Nov 14, 2017 | Blog, Diabetology, Did you know?, Internal Medicine

Hypoglycemia-Manage
Hypoglycemia in Diabetes

Hypoglycemia is a condition in which the sugar level in blood becomes less than 72 mg/dl. Being aware of the early signs of hypoglycemia will allow you to treat your low blood sugar levels better. Hypoglycemia is commonly seen in type 1 diabetes but is also prevalent in type 2 or adult-onset diabetes. Hypoglycemia can be detrimental to the body in many ways; it can even cause neurological damage leading to stroke and coma.

Common Symptoms of Hypoglycemia:hypoglycemia-symptoms

  • Fine tremors
  • Excessive sweating
  • Dizziness
  • Palpitations
  • Fatigue
  • Pale skin
  • Confusion
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Coma

Risk factors for Hypoglycemia:

Low blood sugar can happen to anyone. However, a severe fall in blood sugar can occur in people who are on medications such as Insulin and Sulfonylureas  (such as glibenclamide, gliclazide, glipizide, glimepiride)

It is important to know whether your diabetes medication puts you at risk for Hypoglycemia. Talk to you physician to know more about it

Causes of Hypoglycemia:

  • Higher than needed dosage of Insulin
  • Large intervals between meals
  • Exercise without eating
  • Alcohol intake

Treating Hypoglycemia:

  • A mild case of hypoglycemia can be treated through eating or drinking 15-20g of fast-acting carbohydrates such as glucose tablets, sweets, sugary fizzy drinks or fruit juice.
  • A blood test should be taken after 15-20 minutes to check whether blood glucose levels have recovered.
  • In case of a seizure or a loss of consciousness that persisted for more than 5 minutes, an ambulance might be required an, for example.

blood-sugar-testsPreventing Hypoglycemia

The key to preventing hypoglycemia is to understand why it occurs and then taking actions to stop it.

  • Testing blood sugar levels regularly can help you to understand when your sugar levels are dropping too low.
  • Check with your doctor if your medication doses need to be altered.
  • Avoid large meals and opt for multiple frequent meals
  • Wear an alarm which you can press and alert others if symptoms appears


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Dr.Chhavi Mehra is a Family Physician, with more than 21 years of experience and specializes in Internal Medicine, consulting at RxDx. Dr.Mehra has vast experience in diagnosing and medically treating all kinds of ailments and medical conditions like Diabetes, Hypertension, Thyroid Disorders, Asthma, Emphysema and other chronic medical conditions in patients of all ages. As an Internal Medicine Specialist, she is also skilled at identifying and treating metabolic problems and offers medication, nutrition, diet and lifestyle plans to her patients. Dr. Chhavi Mehra is the currently the Quality Head at RxDx. She is known for her Scientific and Holistic approach to cure.

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