It is a non-surgical procedure in which the internal side of the large intestine (colon and rectum) is examined by the doctor. In a colonoscopy, a long flexible tube with a small camera is inserted through the anus and doctor views the images on the monitor.
Why do I need a colonoscopy?
- Detect the causes of unexplained bowel changes
- Evaluate symptoms of abdominal pain or rectal bleeding.
- Look for signs of cancer
- Diagnose the reasons for unexplained weight loss, constipation or diarrhea
The American college of surgeons has estimated that 76 to 90% of colon cancer can be prevented by colonoscopy screening.
How should I prepare for a colonoscopy?
- Follow a special diet one day before the procedure: You will not be allowed to take any solid food the day before the exam. You will be allowed to take clear liquids like water, broth, aerated drinks and tea/coffee without milk.
- Take a laxative: You will be asked to take a laxative the night before the procedure to completely clear your bowels.
- Other medications: The doctor may ask you to change the timings and dosage of other medications you have been taking for other ailments.
When to seek medical care?
- Sever pain in the abdomen
- Blood in stools which is not getting better
- Bleeding from anus
What happens during a colonoscopy?
What happens after the colonoscopy?
What are the harmful effects of colonoscopy?
- Allergic reaction to sedative used during the procedure
- A tear in the colon or rectum
- Bleeding from the colon
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